Americans collectively file millions of tax returns every year. Before filing those returns, taxpayers grapple with myriad issues, including how and when to exercise stock options, execute real estate transactions, hire employees or independent contractors, distribute earnings to investors, sell an asset or group of assets or merge with another entity. All of those decisions, and more, affect tax liability. Careful advance planning can mean very significant savings. Our tax practice emphasizes short and long-term counseling and planning on federal and state tax matters for individuals, partnerships, corporations, and limited liability companies, weighing ultimate business and personal objectives to minimize tax costs.